Multidimensional change of biodiversity and ecosystem functions

Guiyao Zhou, Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja, Shengen Liu, Hang-Wei Hu, Ji-Zheng He, Xinxin Wang, Zheng Jiang, Xuhui Zhou, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Mediterranean forests are one of the most important global hotspots of biodiversity, and are critical for supporting ecosystem function and climate change mitigation. Over the past decades, these forests … Continue reading Multidimensional change of biodiversity and ecosystem functions

The future of Alpine meadows: Can we predict winners and losers in a warmer climate?

Kristiina Visakorpi, Sebastián Block, Loïc Pellissier, Jonathan M. Levine, Jake Alexander This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Plant species growing at high altitudes have adapted to cooler temperatures, shorter summers and less competition from the surrounding vegetation. With climate change, the high elevation environment will increasingly resemble that found at lower elevations today: temperatures … Continue reading The future of Alpine meadows: Can we predict winners and losers in a warmer climate?

Changing plant species composition and richness benefit soil carbon sequestration under climate warming

Yingjie Yan, Shuli Niu, Yicheng He, Song Wang, Lei Song, Jinlong Peng, Xinli Chen, Quan Quan, Cheng Meng, Qingping Zhou, Jinsong Wang This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Soils store the majority of the Earth’s terrestrial ecosystem carbon (C), which is approximately three times larger than the amount of C in the atmosphere. Thus, … Continue reading Changing plant species composition and richness benefit soil carbon sequestration under climate warming

Wildfire shapes future forests through impacts on root-associated fungi

Rebecca E. Hewitt, Nicola J. Day, M. Rae DeVan, D. Lee Taylor This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology review article which can be found here. In the boreal forest wildfire activity is increasing with strong effects on both the types of forests that regenerate and on ecosystem function. Wildfires alter the soil environment and the vegetation, which are both key to … Continue reading Wildfire shapes future forests through impacts on root-associated fungi

Fire characteristics determine how fire affects insects and other arthropods: evidence from a review

Blyssalyn V. Bieber, Dhaval K. Vyas, Amanda M. Koltz, Laura A. Burkle, Kiaryce S. Bey, Claire Guzinski, Shannon M. Murphy, andMayra C. Vidal This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Humans are altering nature in many important ways, and these changes are affecting the organisms with whom we share our environment. One of the most … Continue reading Fire characteristics determine how fire affects insects and other arthropods: evidence from a review

Drought threatens dioecious Populus euphratica

Zhichao Xia, Yue He, Zuodong Zhu, Helena Korpelainen and Chunyang Li This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. R.A. Fisher, a famous biologist, proposed that natural populations, whether there are more females than males or more males than females, will still have a 1:1 ratio of females to males in their offspring. However, the rate … Continue reading Drought threatens dioecious Populus euphratica

Lizard thermoregulation revisited after two decades of global warming

José Díaz , Raúl Izquierdo-Santiago, Alejandro Llanos-Garrido This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Global warming should have a deep impact on thermoregulation by ectothermic animals such as lizards, because they rely on behavior to select the microhabitats that allow them to keep their body temperature within their preferred -and physiologically optimal- range of temperatures. … Continue reading Lizard thermoregulation revisited after two decades of global warming

Closely related tropical herbs have similar tolerance to high temperatures

Georgia G. Hernández, Timothy M. Perez, Oscar M. Vargas, W. John Kress, Ramón Molina-Bravo, Roberto A. Cordero, Jeffrey R. Seemann, Carlos García-Robledo This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. The tropics are known for their stable temperatures throughout the year. However, temperatures greatly vary among the vast mosaic of habitats within the tropics. It is … Continue reading Closely related tropical herbs have similar tolerance to high temperatures

Variable responses of seed traits to extreme drought do not preclude their strong relationships with drought sensitivity

Wentao Luo, Robert J. Griffin-Nolan, Andrew J. Felton, Qiang Yu, Hongyi Wang, Hongxiang Zhang, Zhengwen Wang, Xingguo Han, Scott L. Collins, Alan K. Knapp This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Global climate change is expected to increase rainfall variability, potentially increasing the frequency of extreme droughts during this century. Intensified drought will impact ecosystem … Continue reading Variable responses of seed traits to extreme drought do not preclude their strong relationships with drought sensitivity

Non-structural carbohydrates predict survival in saplings of temperate trees under carbon stress

Frida I. Piper, Paulo Moreno-Meynard, Alex Fajardo This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. As much as one might manage a financial budget for both savings and current expenditure, plants have carbon (C) reserves that are mainly composed of starch and soluble sugars. These are also named non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs). Lately, NSCs have been paid more attention … Continue reading Non-structural carbohydrates predict survival in saplings of temperate trees under carbon stress