Prairie species differ in the timing of rainfall necessary for flowering

Nathan P. Lemoine, John D. Dietrich, Melinda D. Smith The first European settlers of the midwestern United States were awestruck by the productivity of tallgrass prairies. The fertility of this region was apparent from the number and density of flowering stalks, which can reach over 1.5 m in height for many tallgrass species. Yet species…

REVIEW: Sampling roots to capture plant and soil functions

Grégoire T. Freschet, Catherine Roumet The long and complex evolution of plant roots, and their occurrence in multiple environmental conditions, have shaped a large diversity of forms and functions among plant species. With the growing recognition that roots constitute a critical component of ecosystem functioning, an increasingly large research community has begun to unravel the…

Plant defense negates pathogen manipulation of vector behavior

Baiming Liu, Evan L. Preisser, Xiaobin Shi, Huaitong Wu, Chuanyou Li, Wen Xie, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Youjun Zhang Many important and economically-damaging plant pathogens are transmitted by insect vectors, and pathogens have been shown to alter vector behavior in ways that promote both their uptake and transmission. In the Tomato yellow leaf curl virus…