Fernanda de V. Barros, Paulo L. Bittencourt, Cleiton B. Eller, Caroline SignoriMüller, Leonardo D. Meireles and Rafael S. Oliveira This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article. Read the research in full here. Some tropical montane forests are associated with high cloud frequency, creating a very singular cold and wet environment in the tropics, which allows the coexistence of groups of … Continue reading Clouds covering a Tropical Cloud Montane Forest in Brazil
Jingyi Ru, Shiqiang Wan, Dafeng Hui, Jian Song, Jing Wang This Plan Language Summary is published ahead of the article discussed. Check back soon for a link to the article Earth System Models predict greater between-year precipitation variability, with more frequent extreme precipitation years both above (wet years) and below (dry years) the long-term average. This augmented interannual precipitation variability is likely to have profound … Continue reading Enhanced carbon sink under intensified precipitation variability in a semiarid grassland
Malik, Ashish; Bouskill, Nicholas This Plan Language Summary is published ahead of the article discussed. Check back soon for a link to the article Climate change is causing increased occurrences of droughts that impact the cycling of carbon in terrestrial ecosystems. How droughts impact microbial processes in soil and its consequences for ecosystem carbon balance is hard to measure. To do so, we must better … Continue reading How will drought impact soil microbes and ecosystem carbon balance?
Albert Pessarrodona, Adriana Vergés, Néstor E. Bosch, Sahira Bell, Shannen Smith, M. Paula Sgarlatta, Thomas Wernberg This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article. Read the research in full here. Temperate marine environments are rapidly changing as they become warmer due to climate change. This is leading to a phenomenon known as “tropicalization”, where tropical species increase in relative abundance compared … Continue reading Algal turfs shape trophic pathways in tropicalized reefs
Josep Padullés Cubino, Irena Axmanová, Zdeňka Lososová, Martin Večeřa, Ariel Bergamini, Helge Bruelheide, Jürgen Dengler, Ute Jandt, Florian Jansen, Ricarda Pätsch, Milan Chytrý This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article. Read the article in full here. For many decades, ecologists have tried to understand why only a few species are common within a specific location while the vast majority are … Continue reading Why do grasslands contain many rare but few common plant species?
Fangyue Zhang, Joel A. Biederman, Nathan A. Pierce, Daniel L. Potts, Charles John Devine1 , Yanbin Hao, William K. Smith Read the research in full here Large portions of the western United States are experiencing fewer, larger, and less frequent rainfall events. These fewer and larger events interspersed by longer intervals without rainfall have far-reaching consequences for grassland systems. Grassland production across the western US … Continue reading Fewer, larger storms delayed the seasonal timing of maximum photosynthetic production in a semi-arid grassland
Ping Li, Emma J. Sayer, Zhou Jia, Yuntao Wu, Meifeng Deng, Xin Wang, Chao Liu, Bin Wang, Yang Wang, Yongfei Bai, Lingli Liu Read the full research here Strong winds can erode the soil surface in arid and semi-arid ecosystems by blowing away fine soil particles. As these particles contain carbon, wind erosion inevitably causes large loss of soil carbon. Plants help stem erosion by … Continue reading Deep winter snow – a protective blanket for soil carbon?
Junlan Xiong, Longwei Dong, Jingli Lu, Weigang Hu, Haiyang Gong, Shubin Xie, Dongmin Zhao, Yahui Zhang, Xiaoting Wang, Yan Deng, Jinzhi Ran, Karl J. Niklas, Allan Degen, Jianming Deng Read the full research here Carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) concentrations in plant organs play important roles in plant metabolism and growth, and in nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Drylands cover approximately 45% of … Continue reading Patterns of plant carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus along aridity and soil trait gradients in drylands of China
Hannah J. White, Willson Gaul, Lupe León-Sánchez, Dinara Sadykova, Mark C. Emmerson Paul Caplat and Jon M. Yearsley Read the full research here Plant growth, i.e. plant productivity, is vital for food security. Without grass production in agriculture, for example, there would not be enough food for livestock. This production, however, is dependent on a number of different factors and can vary over time. In … Continue reading The ability of plants in agricultural fields to maintain growth or recover following dips in their growth depends on climate dynamics they have experienced historically
Kevin Theis, Pierre Quévreux, and Michel Loreau Read the full article here Ecosystems consist of organisms living in an environment. These organisms are linked to each other by interactions such as predation or self-regulation (mortality due to negative interactions between individuals of the same species). In addition, organisms are linked to their environment by flows of nutrients: plants take up mineral nutrients to grow, then … Continue reading Nutrient cycling and mortality due to intraspecific interactions determine food web stability in response to perturbations