Where does organic matter go once it reaches the soil?

Carlos Lozano Fondón, Marco Scotti, Michele Innangi, Cristina Bondavalli, Anna De Marco, Amalia Virzo De Santo, Antonietta Fioretto, Cristina Menta, Antoni Bodini This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Soils host a great variety of organisms that eat each other so that multiple feeding relationships arise through which organic matter is being processed. The transformation … Continue reading Where does organic matter go once it reaches the soil?

Ghosts of animals, plants, and microbes: How organisms affect the environment after they’re gone

Lindsey K. Albertson, Leonard S. Sklar, Benjamin B. Tumolo, Wyatt F. Cross, Scott F. Collins, H. Arthur Woods This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology review article which can be found here. Living organisms change the environment in many ways. Beavers create dams for themselves, and these small impoundments and pools they form are habitat for many other organisms. Corals build reefs that … Continue reading Ghosts of animals, plants, and microbes: How organisms affect the environment after they’re gone

Biocrusts reduce response of microbial C decomposition to increasing temperature compared with bare soil in dryland

Gang Huang, Yan-gui Su*, Guo-peng Wu, Zheng-yi Huang, Si-nuo Lin, Hao Cheng This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Biocrusts are universal in drylands and are found on the soil surface and in the top few millimeters to centimeters of soil. They are composed of cyanobacteria, lichens, mosses, and algae in different proportions and can … Continue reading Biocrusts reduce response of microbial C decomposition to increasing temperature compared with bare soil in dryland

Soil carbon is related to tree growth strategy in naturally regenerating tropical forests

Abby Wallwork, Lindsay F. Banin, Daisy H. Dent, Ute Skiba, Emma Sayer This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Forests which are left to naturally regenerate following human disturbance now make up over half of all remaining tropical forest and are increasingly important for their role in the global carbon budget. During forest regrowth, carbon … Continue reading Soil carbon is related to tree growth strategy in naturally regenerating tropical forests

Specific impact of mesozooplankton feeding strategies on carbon flows

Blanche Saint-Béat, Gérald Darnis, Maxime Leclerc, Marcel Babin, Frederic Maps This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Through their feeding interactions, Arctic marine organisms regulate the transfer of carbon produced during the short summer season and drive the functioning of Arctic marine ecosystems. Mesozooplankton—small animals drifting in oceanic currents—form a crucial hub of matter and … Continue reading Specific impact of mesozooplankton feeding strategies on carbon flows

What happens to coral colonies after death? Exploring erosion of dead coral colonies

Juliano Morais, Renato Morais, Sterling B. Tebbett, David R. Bellwood This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. One of the main things people may have heard about corals in recent years is that they are dying due to coral bleaching events. Coral bleaching occurs when corals are exposed to high water temperatures for too long. … Continue reading What happens to coral colonies after death? Exploring erosion of dead coral colonies

Soil nitrogen supply capacity of different plateau grasslands 

Shuya Hu, Changhui Wang, Anita C Risch, Yuan Liu, Yang Li, Lei Li, Xiaohui Xu, Nianpeng He, Xingguo Han, Jianhui Huang This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Soil nitrogen (N) supply capacity is a key biogeochemical process influencing plant available N and net primary productivity (NPP) in terrestrial ecosystems. However, the spatial variations and … Continue reading Soil nitrogen supply capacity of different plateau grasslands 

Environmental filtering of macroinvertebrate traits influences ecosystem functioning in a large river floodplain

Natalie K. Rideout, Zacchaeus G. Compson, Wendy A. Monk, Meghann R. Bruce, Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Teresita M. Porter, Michael T.G. Wright, Donald J. Baird This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. As we enter the Anthropocene, reversing biodiversity loss will require a more inclusive view of nature: to conserve ‘charismatic megafauna’, we must also be mindful … Continue reading Environmental filtering of macroinvertebrate traits influences ecosystem functioning in a large river floodplain

How would drought-induced species loss contribute to the changes in community nutrient conservation

Xiao-Sa Liang, Wang Ma, Qiang Yu, Wen-Tao Luo, Zheng-Wen Wang, Xiao-Tao Lü, Xing-Guo Han This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Nutrient resorption is a physiological process through which plants divert nutrients from senescing organs to reproductive and storage organs. Plants can reabsorb more than 60% of nitrogen and phosphorus from senescing leaves, which can … Continue reading How would drought-induced species loss contribute to the changes in community nutrient conservation

Restoring ecosystem health requires not just more plants, or the right type of plants, but both

Kathleen R. Balazs, Seth M. Munson, Bradley J. Butterfield This is a plain language summary of a Functional Ecology research article which can be found here. Restoring degraded ecosystems is a massive environmental challenge. Establishing the right types of plants is often considered critical to restoring soil health, suppressing weeds, and producing biomass for forage and wildlife. However, biomass might also play a supporting role … Continue reading Restoring ecosystem health requires not just more plants, or the right type of plants, but both