Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

How far can fish transport plant seeds?

Van Leeuwen, Casper; Mulder, Andrea; van Aalderen, Roland Seed dispersal by animals is important for the transport of plant seeds to new locations. Many animals ingest, transport and defecate viable seeds – which can lead to colonization in fragmented habitats, expand plant ranges in response to global changes, or ensure space for a next generation. Many fruit-eating birds and mammals are well-known seed dispersers, but … Continue reading How far can fish transport plant seeds?

The role of fishes as food: A functional perspective on predator-prey interactions

Mihalitsis, Michalis; Hemingson, Christopher; Goatley, Christopher; Bellwood, David Every animal dies. For fishes on coral reefs, the smaller you are, the more likely this is to happen. Small fish fit easily in the mouth of a bigger fish. However, fishes have many defence strategies against predators. Some relate to how the fish is shaped, while others are behavioural. For example, some fishes have evolved deeper … Continue reading The role of fishes as food: A functional perspective on predator-prey interactions