Feedbacks link ecosystem ecology and evolution across spatial and temporal scales: Empirical evidence and future directions

Ian M. Ware, Connor R. Fitzpatrick , Athmanathan Senthilnathan , Shannon L.J. Bayliss, Kendall K. Beals , Liam O. Mueller , Jennifer L. Summers, Rachel C. Wooliver, Michael E. Van Nuland , Michael T. Kinnison , Eric P. Palkovacs, Jennifer A. Schweitzer and Joseph K. Bailey   Unifying ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology promises a more complete understanding of the processes that link different levels … Continue reading Feedbacks link ecosystem ecology and evolution across spatial and temporal scales: Empirical evidence and future directions

The role of stressors in altering eco-evolutionary dynamics

Loukas Theodosiou, Teppo Hiltunen and Lutz Becks For some time now, we have realised that ecological and evolutionary time scales can overlap, and that ecological and rapid evolutionary processes can directly affect each other within a few generations. For example, when predators consume prey, those prey can rapidly evolve anti-predatory defences and this can in turn reduce the predators’ population size. But species also live … Continue reading The role of stressors in altering eco-evolutionary dynamics

Analyzing eco-evolutionary dynamics – the challenging complexity of the real world

Luc De Meester, Kristien I. Brans, Lynn Govaert, Caroline Souffreau, Shinjini Mukherjee, Héléne Vanvelk, Konrad Korzeniowski, Laurens Kilsdonk, Ellen Decaestecker, Robby Stoks and Mark C. Urban The field of eco-evolutionary dynamics is developing rapidly, with a growing number of well-designed experiments quantifying the impact of evolution on ecological processes and patterns. The key challenge remains to transfer insights of experiments in highly simplified settings to … Continue reading Analyzing eco-evolutionary dynamics – the challenging complexity of the real world

Fertile ground for plant-microbe relationships

Michael E. Van Nuland, Ian M. Ware, Joseph K. Bailey, and Jennifer A. Schweitzer Plants take up nutrients from the soil to grow and build important structures like leaves and roots. As plants interact with their environment (including the soil bacteria and fungi that live belowground), these nutrients eventually cycle back belowground to create a feedback loop. These feedback loops can effectively lock plants and … Continue reading Fertile ground for plant-microbe relationships

The evolution of Darwin’s finch beaks in Galapagos likely alters plant communities. Photo credit: Andrew P. Hendry

Rapid evolution shapes communities and ecosystems – but we need to improve the way we study these effects

Andrew P. Hendry Charles Darwin argued that evolution was very slow – and this perspective persisted for more than a century. Now, however, we know that evolution is occurring all around us all the time, from fish evolving smaller body sizes in response to fishing pressure to plants evolving earlier flowering in response to climate change, and to bacteria, viruses, pests, weeds, and diseases evolving … Continue reading Rapid evolution shapes communities and ecosystems – but we need to improve the way we study these effects

Chlorolestes tessellatus damsel fly, also known as the forest malachite, male and female hanging in tree khologa state forest

Eco-evolutionary dynamics of sexual selection and sexual conflict

Erik I. Svensson Eco-evolutionary dynamics refers to the situation when evolutionary change affects ecological phenomena, and viceversa. For instance, as organisms change genetically due to natural selection, such evolved changes can in turn affect population dynamics and extinction risk. Conversely, ecological phenomena such as population dynamics and competition can also affect evolutionary change. Here, I review the reciprocal feedbacks of such eco-evolutionary dynamics and discuss … Continue reading Eco-evolutionary dynamics of sexual selection and sexual conflict

Eco‐evolutionary feedbacks — theoretical models and perspectives

Lynn Govaert , Emanuel A. Fronhofer, Sébastien Lion, Christophe Eizaguirre , Dries Bonte, Martijn Egas , Andrew P. Hendry , Ayana De Brito Martins, Carlos J. Melián, Joost A. M. Raeymaekers, Irja I. Ratikainen, Bernt-Erik Saether, Jennifer A. Schweitzer and Blake Matthews Feedbacks, that is, when A affects B and B in turn affects A, are relevant throughout biology and are central to ecology and … Continue reading Eco‐evolutionary feedbacks — theoretical models and perspectives